The Cherokee have seven clans. There used to be eight but the Bear Clan is no longer with the Cherokee people. When children were born, they took their mother's clan and you were forbidden to marry within your clan. The members of the same clan were considered brothers and sisters.
The seven clans are: Wolf - (a-ni-wa-ya), Deer - (a-ni-a-ha-wi), Bird - (a-ni-tsi-s-qua), Longhair - (a-ni-gi-lo-hi), Wild Potato - (a-ni-go-da-ge-wi), Blue - (a-ni-sa-ho-ni), Paint - (a-ni-wo-di).
One of the reasons the women were given the clans was that they were the givers of life. Other tribes have clans. Some names of the clans are different and some are similar to the Cherokees. The women were free to choose the men they wished to marry, as long as they were from different clans. When a woman divorced her husband, she would pack all his clothes and set them outside the door --- it was that easy.
Other Web Links Referencing the Seven Clans of the Cherokee Nation:
The boundaries of the Cherokee Country in the east prior to the removal. It should be noted that before the removal, much of the Nation was overrun by whites who had taken over Vann's house at Springplace, Major Ridge's house (Rome GA), and Chief John Ross's house (Rossville GA).
Once you have spent some time in and around Fannin County you will start to notice the many reminders that pay homage to the Cherokee Nation. The Cherokee are a noble people whose territory once encompassed nearly 20,000 acres throughout parts of Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia and Alabama until they were driven out by settlers and prospectors looking for gold.
This is a complete listing of Cherokee villages in Georgia according to the Handbook of Native American in New Mexico. Why they listed Cherokee in Georgia we do not know but it is a good research list.
In 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act into law, giving him authority to negotiate with South Eastern Native American tribes their removal.
This Emmy Award-winning documentary chronicles the efforts of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians to preserve and revitalize the endangered Cherokee language.
Cherokee National Treasure Edith Knight knows a lot about cooking. She shares the story of her youth, growing up and falling in love in the Cherokee Nation and her recipe for the traditional favorite: kanuchi.
The Museum is located in the Cultural District near the Qualla Arts and Crafts Mutual Co-op, the Oconaluftee Indian Village Living History Museum, and the Mountainside Theater, home of the outdoor drama “Unto These Hills.”
There are many places on the Internet to read about Cherokee history. I have used some of them as sources for this timeline. But, it is also composed of information I have viewed at Cherokee historical sites from Cherokee, North Carolina to New Echota, Georgia to Tahlequah, Oklahoma.
[Note: This is a single part of what will be, by my classification, about 240 compact tribal histories (contact to 1900). It is limited to the lower 48 states of the U.S. but also includes those First Nations from Canada and Mexico that had important roles (Huron, Micmac, Assiniboine, etc.).